Gil Brandt, who in nearly 30 years as a scout and talent evaluator helped build the Dallas Cowboys into a National Football League powerhouse, died on Thursday in Dallas. He was 91.
His death, in hospice care, was announced by the Pro Football Hall of Fame, to which he was inducted in 2019.
Mr. Brandt joined the Cowboys in 1960, before their first season, and worked beside Tom Landry, the taciturn head coach, and Tex Schramm, the innovative president and general manager, to make them a perennial winner and a two-time Super Bowl champion. In time, the Cowboys became known as “America’s Team.”
As the team’s vice president of player personnel, Mr. Brandt was known for expanding his scouting beyond major-conference schools. He drafted future stars like the wide receiver Bob Hayes, the defensive tackle Jethro Pugh, the offensive lineman Rayfield Wright and the linebacker Thomas (Hollywood) Henderson, who all played at historically Black colleges and universities.
Mr. Hayes, Mr. Wright, and the quarterbacks Roger Staubach and Troy Aikman are among the nine players whose drafting Mr. Brandt oversaw who were later elected to the Hall of Fame.
But it was not only where Mr. Brandt and the Cowboys’ scouts discovered talent that separated Dallas from other teams. It was also the use of psychological tests to assess potential draft picks’ characters. In addition, his contribution to modern talent appraisal rested on the team’s forward-thinking use of technology.
At Mr. Schramm’s suggestion, Mr. Brandt began using a massive IBM computer in 1962 to meticulously evaluate prospects. He assigned numerical values to many personality traits, including character and competitiveness, and to many physical qualities like quickness and strength; stored them on punch cards; and loaded them into the computer.
The result was a database that enabled the Cowboys to sift through information quickly and comprehensively, weigh the talents of prospects and make recommendations to Mr. Landry and Mr. Schramm. This gave the team a competitive edge.
The Cowboys’ reputation for using a computer became known quickly.
During the 1964 college draft, held in the ballroom of a Chicago hotel, the Cowboys were stalling on making their second pick. Vince Lombardi, the Green Bay Packers’ coach, scolded Mr. Brandt and his fellow Dallas executives.
In various interviews, Mr. Brandt recalled Mr. Lombardi asking him: “What happened? Did your computer break down?”
It had not. The Cowboys had sent a doctor to evaluate Mel Renfro, a cornerback from the University of Oregon. Once satisfied that he was healthy, they selected Mr. Renfro, who would become a five-time All-Pro and be inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1996.
“It starts with the computer,” Mr. Brandt said before his Hall of Fame induction. “No one will ever know how many hours we spent with that. And that was really the thing that set us apart from everybody.”
In an interview with The Wall Street Journal, also before his induction, he said: “They talk about analytics now. We did the same thing 50 years ago. Except we called it probabilities.”
Gilbert Harvey Brandt was born on March 4, 1932, in Milwaukee. His father, also named Gilbert, was district manager for National Food Stores. His mother, Loretta, was a homemaker.
Gil played defensive back and running back in high school. He attended the University of Wisconsin in Madison but left after two years and moved back with his parents.
He took a job providing nurses at local hospitals with cameras that they would use to photograph babies. He would then develop and distribute the pictures. It was not a path to a football career; he began that career thanks to a family friend.
That friend was Elroy Hirsch, who had been known as Crazy Legs when he was a Los Angeles Rams receiver, and who owned a local business. He recommended that Mr. Schramm, then the Rams’ general manager, hire Mr. Brandt as a part-time scout in the Midwest.
“I had a lot of time and they were looking for somebody for $50 a weekend or something like that,” Mr. Brandt told The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel in 2009. “In the spring I’d go see Marquette, Wisconsin, Northwestern. In those days, I don’t know if anybody knew a lot about it. If on a scale of what they do today is a 100, we were probably minus 10.”
Mr. Schramm had already left the Rams to become assistant director of sports at CBS, but in 1959 he joined the expansion Cowboys and asked Mr. Brandt to come along. Mr. Landry, then defensive coach of the New York Giants, soon joined them.
“The great thing that happened to me is we went to a place with an owner that had money” — the oilman Clint Murchison Jr. — “a G.M., Tex, who believed in scouting; and Tom was one of the greatest people of all time,” Mr. Brandt told The Journal Sentinel. “We had more gimmicks than anybody in the world. It was easy. It was so less competitive then.”
By the late 1980s, however, the Cowboys’ success was waning. In 1989, after Jerry Jones bought the team, he fired Mr. Landry and Mr. Brandt. Mr. Schramm resigned.
Mr. Brandt soon reinvented himself — first in the mid-1990s as a senior analyst on the N.F.L.’s website, writing about the draft, free agency and other subjects, and a decade later as a host on Sirius (later SiriusXM) satellite radio. He continued to make player evaluations on NFL.com in advance of each year’s draft.
But in 2022, he had to apologize for remarks that he had made on SiriusXM after the death of Dwayne Haskins, a 24-year-old reserve Pittsburgh Steelers quarterback, who was hit by a dump truck while crossing a highway in Florida. Mr. Brandt implied that Mr. Haskins would have been alive had he not left Ohio State early.
“I reacted carelessly and insensitively on a radio interview,” Mr. Brandt wrote on Twitter. “I want to apologize to Mr. Haskins’s family and anyone who heard my poor choice of words.”
In addition to his wife, Sara (Paullus) Brandt, Mr. Brandt is survived by two sons, Hunter and Brig.
The bad feelings between Mr. Brandt and Mr. Jones did not last long. They eventually became friends, and Mr. Jones added Mr. Brandt to the Cowboys’ Ring of Honor in 2018. The next year, Mr. Brandt asked Mr. Jones to be his presenter at his Hall of Fame induction.
“As you know, Jerry and I have come a long way since our first three months of working together,” he said in his speech. And he thanked Mr. Jones “for making me a free agent 30 years ago.”